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For the son of Charles I of Austria, see Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria (1918–2007).
Archduke Karl Ludwig
Karl Ludwig
Spouse Princess Margaretha of Saxony

Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal

Issue

Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke Otto Franz
Archduke Ferdinand Karl
Archduchess Margarete Sophie
Archduchess Maria Annunziata
Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie

House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Mother Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Born 30 July 1833(1863-12-18)
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 19 May 1896 (aged 62)
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Monarchical Styles of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
Wappen Kaisertum sterreich 1815
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Archduke Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria (1830-1916) and the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863-1914), whose assassination ignited the start of World War I.

He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife Sophie of Bavaria (1805-1872). His siblings included Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria and Maximilian (1832-1867), the executed Emperor of Mexico.

After the death of his nephew Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria (1858-1889), he became heir presumptive to Austro-Hungarian Empire but renounced his succession rights a few days later in favour of his eldest son Franz Ferdinand.[1]

He married three times.

His first wife, whom he married on 4 November 1856 at Dresden, was his first cousin Margaretha of Saxony (1840-1858), the daughter of Johann of Saxony (1801-1873) and Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801-1877). She died on 15 September 1858 and they had no children.[2]

His second wife, whom he married by proxy on 16 October 1862 at Rome, and in person on 21 October 1862 at Venice, was Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1843-1871), daughter of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (1810-1859) and Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867).

They had four children:

Maria Annunciata died on 4 May 1871.[4]

His third wife, whom he married on 23 July 1873 at Kleinheubach, was Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal (1855-1944), daughter of Miguel I of Portugal (1802-1866) and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1831-1909).

They had two daughters:

Karl Ludwig died of typhoid at Schönbrunn in Vienna. His widow, Maria Teresa died 12 February 1944.[6]

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